What are the Six General Types of Adhesives?

Are you listing things to buy for the next mini album or scrapbook? The proper adhesive must be at the top of that list. Knowing about adhesive before starting any pictorial literature is a necessity.

Why? Because it is built up for the core of the project that holds onto everything for the long run. Many of us have made the mistake of settling with the wrong adhesive with our art projects and ended up with spoiled or lost photos in the long haul.

What are the Six General Types of Adhesives

After acquiring full ideas about the adhesive, which one goes with what, etc., the whole art game went above a new dimension, let’s get you there to unfold what are the six general types of adhesives.

Basics of Adhesives

Although there is no rocket science to know about adhesives, it is only to resurface some of the keynotes about them. Adhesives are precisely the first things that come into your mind when you hear the word-glue. Along with it, paste, cement, and mucilage fall under the same umbrella.

These substances can stick one surface with another. Adhesives make the adhesion bond while applied to a specific character. They came in both individuals and applied to one or both sides of a scotch tape form.

Types of Adhesives

Gone are the days when beeswax or white rice were used to be put to work as adhesives. With the advancement of modern machinery and chemistry, adhesive now falls under a vast amount of sections. There are no hard and fast rules to divide adhesives into certain types.

classification of adhesives

But, you may organize them by understanding the process of hardening the adhesive and whether it needs solvents, water, air, etc., to stick to a surface. Having said that, let me take you on a walk down the classification of adhesives.

Anaerobic adhesive
  • Anaerobic adhesive: These adhesives do not need any solvent. They instead cure in the absence of air. The most common example of anaerobic adhesive is putting two different joints together and tightening them with one another. These adhesives are used in lower aerial pressure compared to volume.
Pressure-sensitive adhesive
  • Pressure-sensitive adhesive: These are also devoid of solvents. Instead of water or heat, they act on the surface by applying a little pressure. They do not react to the surface throughout the application and depend on the pressure to build bonds with the surface. They can be removed from the surface easily without spoiling it.
Polymer adhesive
  • Polymer adhesive: According to the title, polymers are made of polymers and have more strength and flexibility than most other adhesives. These capabilities have also made them being used widely in construction. They are stretchable and most suitable for building infrastructure.
Hot melt adhesive
  • Hot melt adhesive: They come inside cylinder-based containers. If you have used a glue gun, this is where you may find hot melt adhesives. They use heat as a solvent and then harden on the surface to exert the highest energy.
Acrylic adhesive
  • Acrylic adhesive: There are different bases for acrylic adhesives; cyanoacrylic is the most common of them all. It produces intense bondage to bind metals. The superglue is the broadly used acrylic adhesive around the globe. There are also other forms of acrylic produced with different ratios to give it various forms.
Epoxy adhesive
  • Epoxy adhesive: When you mix resin with a hardener, you get epoxy adhesive. It is the only type of adhesive that can be made at home. It is called a two-parts adhesive where both the components are mixed in a 1:1 ratio.

Frequently asked questions

Now that we are way past the question, “What are the six general types of adhesives” here are some more frequently raised ones I will be trying to cover:

What are the necessities of adhesives?

You have to have a crystal clear idea about the uses of adhesive to understand that. Here goes some of them:

-Glues are used in mini albums and scrapbooks to paste photos.
-Glue guns filled with hot glue are used to attach metals and artworks.
-Adhesives are used in constructions and woodworks.
-To fill in joints and any hard surfaces together.

What are the adhesives used in construction?

Here are the types of adhesives used in construction with their respective functions:

Polymer adhesive: In aerospace, aviation, electrical plants.
Resin adhesive: With any metal, woodwork, fabric, glass.
Acrylic adhesive: They are used in a variety of industrial services.

Along with them, hot melt adhesive and electricity conductive adhesives are also used in industrial mechanisms.

How to use white glue?

White glues are used in the same way as any other glue. But, you need to know what materials do white glue bonds well with.

It bonds with any porous material such as wood, fabric, paper, clothes, etc.

What is elephant glue?

Cyanoacrylic glue, a form of acrylic glue, is called elephant glue. Its other names are crazy glue, superglue. The naming is due to the extensive use in any industry, from artwork to mechanical. It has such high bondage capacity that it can even stick to the skin for the longest time.

What are the examples of natural adhesive?

According to the essential component an adhesive is made of, there are two types. One is synthetic, another is natural. The natural ones are beeswax, resin, etc.

Bottom Line

Considering glues are the only types of adhesives out there to find out all the other different ones that can make a massive difference for various projects, it amazes me to the bits. The chemical structure and the bondage they form from hardening to curing, the entire process is something to look up to.

Adhesives have brought out a massive change in every walk of life to make work projects easier. Solid, liquid, or melted, you name it, the adhesives do it. Hope you find your answer for what are the six general types of adhesives and use them according to the expectation.

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Last Updated on May 9, 2021 by Timika Sandra

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